Sema “Symbol of Union” The magical Sema symbol is an ancient concept that always existed in the minds of the ancient Egyptians as it represented the concept of Union. It is found depicted across the magical Upper and Lower lands of Egypt. The ancient Egyptian saw the Sema symbol in everything like the pair of lungs being attached to the windpipe to breathe and the different genitalia of both genders coming together to create life. The Sema symbol was located in ancient Egypt on the mummy’s chest to provide life while traveling across the underworld. Note: The Sema is a meaningful symbol that showcases the importance of the concept of Union to the ancient Egyptians.As an amulet, the sema hieroglyph ensured a unified corpse, integral to one’s survival in the afterlife. The customary choice of dark stone for this amulet refers to the darkness of the night sky and the fertile silt of the Nile’s inundation (or annual flooding)—the sources of the daily rebirth of the sun and the yearly regeneration of nature. Small-scale Egyptian figurines, known as amulets, were thought to promote health and good luck.
upper & lower Egypt Ancient Egypt was divided into two regions, namely Upper Egypt and Lower Egypt. To the north was Lower Egypt, where the Nile stretched out with its several branches to form the Nile Delta. To the south was Upper Egypt, stretching to Aswan. The terminology “Upper” and “Lower” derives from the flow of the Nile from the highlands of East Africa northwards to the Mediterranean Sea. The two kingdoms of Upper and Lower Egypt were united c. 3000 BC, but each maintained its own regalia: the hedjet or White Crown for Upper Egypt and the deshret or Red Crown for Lower Egypt. Thus, the pharaohs were known as the rulers of the Two Lands, and wore the pschent, a double crown, each half representing sovereignty of one of the kingdoms. Ancient Egyptian tradition credited Menes, now believed to be the same as Narmer, as the king who united Upper and Lower Egypt. On the Narmer Palette, the king is depicted wearing the Red Crown on one scene and the White crown in another, and thereby showing his rule over both Lands.