Gender and Sex of Ancient Egyptian Deities The gender and sex of the Egyptian deities were tied with the concepts of creation and rebirth as each had a role to play. The male gods were creators and protectors like Ra, Amun, Shu, and Horus while the female Egyptian goddesses were responsible for concepts related to nurturing and virility like Hathor and Isis plus also with concepts of protection and even combat like Sekhmet, Nephthys, Wadjet, Nekhbet. The deities of ancient Egypt would often form groups and combinations to become more powerful. The soul and spirit were divided into different parts like the ba and ka. Some divine parts of the deities have their own story which includes the hand of Atum and the Eye of Ra which would transform into a humanoid figure. The deities had the power of transformation as they can take the shape of an animal or object that can better suit their power.In ancient Egypt.
Most Egyptian deities represent natural or social phenomena. The gods were generally said to be immanent in these phenomena—to be present within nature.The types of phenomena they represented include physical places and objects as well as abstract concepts and forces. The god Shu was the deification of all the world’s air; the goddess Meretseger oversaw a limited region of the earth, the Theban Necropolis; and the god Sia personified the abstract notion of perception. Major gods were often involved in several types of phenomena. For instance, Khnum was the god of Elephantine Island in the midst of the Nile, the river that was essential to Egyptian civilization. He was credited with producing the annual Nile flood that fertilized the country’s farmland. Perhaps as an outgrowth of this life-giving function, he was said to create all living things, fashioning their bodies on a potter’s wheel. Gods could share the same role in nature; Ra, Atum, Khepri, Horus, and other deities acted as sun gods. Despite their diverse functions, most gods had an overarching role in common: maintaining maat, the universal order that was a central principle of Egyptian religion and was itself personified as a goddess. Yet some deities represented disruption to maat. Most prominently, Apep was the force of chaos, constantly threatening to annihilate the order of the universe, and Set was an ambivalent member of divine society who could both fight disorder and foment it.