One of the most famous springs is Hammam Phara’oun, or “Pharaoh’s Bath”. Located in the southern part of Ras Sidr about 45 kilometers from the main town. It consists of two parts, including the Kahf Phara’oun, or “Pharaoh’s Cave”, and the springs themselves. The cave extends about 25 meters into the mountain, while the sulfuric water springs which line the seashore produce significant quantities of water with temperatures as high as 75 (167 Fahrenheit).
This water have properties which are effective in the treatment of bone and skin diseases. Other springs include Ein Abu Morir in the southern part of the city on the eastern side of the road to al-Tor, which is a fresh water well surrounded by clusters of palm trees and reeds, and Ein Taraqi, a sulfuric spring with temperatures that range between 20c (68 Fahrenheit) and 30c (86 Fahrenheit), also located in the southern part of Ras Sidr. Approx. 45 km south of Ras Sidr, there is the Pharaoh’s Bath called Hammam Pharaon.
There are hot water springs as well as a cave that leads inside the bath. It is very hot here and it smells of Hydrogen Sulfate.
Coming from and going to Cairo resp. Suez, busses can stop there (ask, since it is not an official bus stop). Also, the beach of Hammam Pharaon is at a walking distance from there.
What is Hammam ?
A hammam is a type of steam bath or a place of public bathing associated with the Islamic world. It is a prominent feature in the culture of the Muslim world, inherited from the model of the Roman thermae. Muslim bathhouses or hammams historically found across the Middle East. In addition to North Africa, al-Andalus (Islamic Spain and Portugal), Central Asia, the Indian subcontinent, and in Southeastern Europe under Ottoman rule. A variation on the Muslim bathhouse, the Victorian Turkish bath, became popular as a form of therapy, a method of cleansing, and a place for relaxation. During the Victorian era, rapidly spreading through the British Empire, the United States, and Western Europe.
In Islamic cultures the significance of the hammam was both religious and civic: it provided for the needs of ritual ablutions but also provided for general hygiene in an era before private plumbing and served other social functions such as offering a gendered meeting place for men and for women. Archeological remains attest to the existence of bathhouses in the Islamic world as early as the Umayyad period (7th–8th centuries) and their importance has persisted up to modern times. Their architecture evolved from the layout of Roman and Greek bathhouses and featured a regular sequence of rooms: an undressing room, a cold room, a warm room, and a hot room. Heat produced by furnaces. Which provided hot water and steam, while smoke and hot air channeled through conduits under the floor.