The history of Ottoman Egypt dates back to the 16th century, when the Ottoman Empire, under the rule of Sultan Suleiman the Magnificent, conquered the country from the Mamluks. Ottoman rule in Egypt lasted for more than three centuries, during which time the country underwent significant political, social, and economic changes.

One of the most significant events in the history of Ottoman Egypt was the conquest of the country by the Ottoman Empire in 1517. The Ottoman army, led by Sultan Selim I, defeated the Mamluks in a series of battles, and Egypt became part of the Ottoman Empire.

Alexandria in the late 18th century

One of the most significant events in the history of Ottoman Egypt was the construction of the Suez Canal in 1869. The canal, which connected the Mediterranean Sea to the Red Sea. Was a major engineering feat and had a profound impact on the economy and trade of the region.

In the late 19th century, Egypt became a focus of British imperial interests. As Britain sought to secure its access to India and the East through control of the Suez Canal. In 1882, Britain and France occupied Egypt in response to a Turkish threat to the canal. And they remained in control of the country until 1954.

During the early 20th century, Egypt underwent a period of political and social unrest. As nationalist movements emerged calling for independence from foreign rule. In 1919, Egyptians launched a successful revolt against British rule, and in 1922, the country was declared a British protectorate.

In 1952, a group of military officers led by Gamal Abdel Nasser overthrew the monarchy and established a republic in Egypt. Nasser became the country’s first president. And he implemented a series of socialist policies that transformed the economy and society of Egypt.


In conclusion, the history of Ottoman Egypt is marked by a complex mix of political, social, and economic changes. As well as foreign intervention and domestic unrest. From the Ottoman conquest of the country in the 16th century to the establishment of a republic. Egypt has undergone significant transformations that have shaped its identity and place in the world.