Ancient Egyptian Coins Design and Symbolism
Ancient Egyptian coins were not in circulation as currency until the Ptolemaic dynasty (323 BC – 30 BC) when Greek influence became prominent in Egypt. However, used gold, silver, and bronze to create ornamental objects, including coin-shaped pieces, which held symbolic significance. The design and symbolism of ancient Egyptian coins reflect the social, economic, and religious beliefs of their society. The most common symbols found on these coins are the images of gods, pharaohs, and various animals.
One of the most prominent symbols
found on ancient Egyptian coins is the image of the god Horus. Horus was the god of the sky and kingship. His symbol was the falcon, and he was often depicted with a falcon head. This symbol represents protection, power, and leadership. Another symbol commonly found on ancient Egyptian coins is the image of a sphinx. The sphinx was a mythical creature with the body of a lion and the head of a human or a ram. This symbolizes strength, protection, and wisdom.
The image of pharaohs on ancient Egyptian coins
represents the power and authority they held in society. Pharaohs were divine rulers who possessed the power to communicate with the gods. Their images on coins were meant to show their authority and power over the economy. Various animals were also depicted on ancient Egyptian coins. The image of a cow represented motherhood and nurturing. While the image of a crocodile symbolized fertility and the Nile River’s power. The ankh symbol, the symbol of life, was also there on ancient Egyptian coins.
Ancient Egyptian coins were not as currency until the Ptolemaic dynasty, but they held great significance in their society’s social, economic, and religious beliefs. The symbols found on these coins reflect the power, protection, and wisdom. The design and symbolism of ancient Egyptian coins remain an essential part of their legacy and history.