Ancient Egyptian Inventions in Philosophy & History The ancient Egyptians were responsible for numerous groundbreaking inventions that helped shape our modern world. In the fields of philosophy and history, they made significant contributions that are still recognized today. One of the most famous contributions of ancient Egypt to philosophy was their belief in Ma’at, which referred to the concept of truth, justice, and balance. Ma’at was treated as a goddess and was believed to be responsible for maintaining order and balance in the universe. The concept of Ma’at is essential to ancient Egyptian religion and philosophy. The ancient Egyptians also had a deep understanding of history and the passage of time. They developed an early version of a calendar, using a system based on the cycles of the stars and the moon, which allowed them to plan their agricultural activities and religious ceremonies. The Egyptians also created a system of hieroglyphic writing that allowed them to preserve their history in written form. Their historical documents include reports of wars, descriptions of monumental construction projects, and religious texts. In addition to Ma’at and their ancient calendar, the Egyptians developed various other philosophical concepts, including their belief in the afterlife, the idea of an impersonal force behind the universe, and the belief in a soul that lived on after death. Overall, the contributions made by ancient Egyptian philosophers and historians have had a far-reaching impact on human history, shaping our understanding of the universe and our place in it. Their inventions and concepts continue to influence the world today, and their legacy can be seen in various fields of study, from philosophy to archaeology.
The role of pharaohs as divine rulers was also an essential part of ancient Egyptian philosophy. The pharaoh was considered to be a direct link to the gods, and their role was to maintain Ma’at through their leadership. The pharaoh was responsible for ensuring that the laws were justly enforced and that the people lived in harmony with each other and with the universe.