Ancient Egyptian Religion Facts 1. Polytheistic: The ancient Egyptian religion was polytheistic, which means they worshipped multiple gods and goddesses. 2. The Afterlife: The Egyptian religion believed in the afterlife and that individuals continued living in a parallel world known as the Duat after they died. 3. Sun Gods: The Egyptians had several sun gods, the most iconic of them all being Ra. They believed that the sun represented hope, life, and regeneration. 4. Animal Worship: The Egyptians held animals in high regard, and there were several gods who took on the appearance of animals. These included the cat, jackal, ibis, snake, and bull. 5. Temples: Temples were crucial to the ancient Egyptian religion. The temples housed the gods, and the priests and worshippers would come to offer gifts and prayers of devotion. 6. Mummification: The Egyptians believed that if a dead person’s body were preserved, their soul would have a peaceful afterlife. They developed a complex process of mummification to preserve bodies. 7. Pharaoh: The Pharaoh was considered a god on earth and was responsible for maintaining the proper relationship between the gods and the people. 8. Magic: Magic played an important role in Egyptian religious practices. They believed that magical spells and incantations could summon spirits, gods, and other supernatural beings. 9. Hieroglyphics: Hieroglyphics were the written language of the ancient Egyptians and played an important role in their religious practices. Religious texts and magical spells were inscribed on temple walls and in burial chambers. 10. Ennead: The Ennead was a group of nine deities revered in Heliopolis, a city in ancient Egypt. They were believed to have created the world and were associated with the sun god Ra.11. Osiris: Osiris was one of the most important gods in ancient Egyptian religion. He was the god of the afterlife, death, and resurrection and was also associated with the Nile River. 12. Isis: Isis was the wife of Osiris and the mother of Horus. She was associated with childbirth, motherhood, and magic. 13. Horus: Horus was the son of Osiris and Isis, and he was associated with the sky and kingship. The Pharaoh was often considered the earthly embodiment of Horus. 14. Ankh: The ankh is an ancient Egyptian symbol that represents life and immortality. It resembles a cross with a loop at the top and was often used in religious art and iconography. 15. Book of the Dead: The Book of the Dead is a collection of ancient Egyptian spells and prayers that were often buried with the dead. The texts were intended to help the deceased navigate the afterlife and achieve a peaceful existence in the Duat.