Augustus was the first Roman emperor, reigning from 27 BCE to 14 CE. He was the adopted son of Julius Caesar and played a crucial role in the transition from the Roman Republic to the Roman Empire.

Augustus came to power after the death of Julius Caesar and was appointed dictator for life by the Roman Senate. However, he relinquished this title and instead established the Roman Empire, with himself as its first emperor.

Under Augustus’ rule, Rome experienced a period of stability and prosperity known as the Pax Romana, which lasted for more than 200 years. He reformed the Roman government, creating a system of governance that lasted for centuries. Augustus also expanded the empire, annexing new territories and incorporating them into the Roman state.

Augustus was a skilled politician and military leader, and he used his power to promote the arts, culture, and education in Rome. He also established the Imperial cult, which worshipped him and his family as divine beings.

Statue of Augustus


Augustus’ legacy is complex and multi-faceted. He is remembered as a great leader who brought stability and prosperity to the Roman Empire, but he also ruled with an authoritarian hand and suppressed dissent. Nevertheless, his reforms and achievements laid the foundation for the Roman Empire and had a lasting impact on Western civilization.

Augustus’ reign marked the beginning of a new era in Roman history. One that would see the empire grow and prosper for centuries to come. While he may have been a controversial figure in his own time.  His legacy as the first Roman emperor is undeniable.