Mendes was the capital of Ancient Egypt located in the fertile Nile Delta region. It is believed that the city was founded during the Early Dynastic Period, around 3100 BCE. The city was located in the eastern part of the Delta and was an important center of religious worship.

The city was dedicated to the god of fertility, resurrection, and royalty – Osiris. The city of Mendes was known for its great temple dedicated to the worship of Osiris. The temple was believed to have housed the cult image of Osiris and attracted many pilgrims. The pharaohs of Egypt considered themselves to be descendants of Osiris and also worshipped this god. In the Late Period, Mendes became the capital of the 21st dynasty under pharaoh Smendes. This dynasty ruled Egypt from 1077-943 BCE and became powerful rulers of the country. During this period, the city underwent major renovations, including the construction of new temples and buildings. The city was also famous for its pottery, which was produced in large quantities. The pottery was made by skilled craftsmen and was highly valued throughout Egypt.

Mendes was also an important center of trade, as it was strategically located at the mouth of several major trade routes. The city was located at the intersection of two major rivers, the Nile and the Mendesian branch, which connected the city to the Mediterranean Sea. During the Ptolemaic period, the city of Mendes went into decline. This was due to the siltation of the Mendesian branch, which resulted in the city losing its important trade connections. Eventually, the city was abandoned, and its ruins were later discovered by archaeologists.


the ruins of Mendes remain as a testament to the rich history of Ancient Egypt. The site attracts many visitors who come to learn about the culture and customs of the people who once called Mendes their home.