Pyramid of king Khaneferre Neferirkare Kakai

The Pyramid of King Khaneferre Neferirkare Kakai is located in the necropolis of Abusir, in the southern part of the Giza plateau, in Egypt. This pyramid is the largest and the most complex structure in the Abusir necropolis and is believed to have been constructed during the Fifth Dynasty, around 2,400 BCE. The Pyramid of  Neferirkare is constructed of limestone and has a base length of 105 meters and a height of over 51 meters. The pyramid is surrounded by a subsidiary pyramid, a satellite pyramid, a causeway, and a valley temple. The subsidiary pyramid is located to the southeast of the Khaneferre Neferirkare Kakai Pyramid, and is believed to have been built for the king’s wife. Meanwhile, the satellite pyramid is situated to the north of the main pyramid, and it is believed to have been used for the king’s cult rituals.

The causeway of  Neferirkare Pyramid was constructed out of mud brick, and it connected the valley temple to the mortuary temple. The valley temple of the pyramid has not been fully excavated and studied to the present day, but based on the evidence, it is believed that this was the location where the king’s mummification took place.

The mortuary temple of the Khaneferre Neferirkare Kakai Pyramid was located next to the eastern side of its pyramid, and it was the center of the king’s cult activities. The mortuary temple had an entrance facing east towards the Nile, and had a central courtyard surrounded by various halls and chambers. The mortuary temple of  Neferirkare Pyramid had distinctive features that were not present in the earlier pyramids. The mortuary temple had a complex layout, with several chambers, storage rooms, and a complex system of corridors that connected them. The mortuary complex also had a number of engraved reliefs and painted scenes that depicted the king’s journey to the afterlife, as well as scenes of religious and everyday life.


the Pyramid of King Khaneferre Neferirkare Kakai represents an important stage in the evolution of the pyramid form, which showcases the sophistication and complexity of the ancient Egyptian engineering and architecture. The Pyramid of Khaneferre Neferirkare Kakai is a fascinating example of the ancient Egyptian dynastic works and continues to inspire and awe visitors from all around the world, even to this day.