is a city on the west bank of the Nile in Egypt. It has been the capital of Sohag Governorate since 1960, before which the capital was Girga and the name of the governorate was Girga Governorate. It also included Esna Governorate (nowadays Qena Governorate).The modern city developed from the village of Suhay (Arabic: السوهاى) (or Sumay), the name of which eventually transformed into Suhaj,[6] and is located on the site of several ancient settlements, the largest of which is Bompae (Ancient Greek: Βομπαη; Coptic: ⲃⲟⲙⲡⲁϩⲟ, lit. ’channel of Paho’ or Coptic: ⲡⲓⲃⲟⲙⲡⲁϩⲉ, lit. ’the place of Paha’).[7][8] The others include Tmupaie (Ancient Greek: Τμουπαει, Coptic: ⲧⲙⲟⲩⲡⲁϩⲟ, lit. ’the island of Paha’), Bay (Arabic: الباى, possibly an Arabisation of the aforementioned “Paha”) and Sawaqi.


Sohag lies on a fertile agricultural plain on the western bank of the Nile,[9] approximately 6 kilometres (3.7 miles) southwest of Akhmim. The city includes two islands; Karaman-ez-Zahur Island is larger and uninhabited, and ez-Zahur Island (جزيرة الزهور, Ǧazīrat az-Zuhur, “Flower Island”) has some homes.

Temples and cemeteries

Sohag is the site of a temple built for the goddess Repyt (Triphis) by Ptolemy XV Caesarion and subsequent Roman emperors. South of this temple was an earlier temple of Ptolemy IX Soter II (see also Athribis Project). One of the nearby tombs of the brothers Ibpemeny “the younger” and Pemehyt of the late second century BC, has two zodiacs on its ceiling.


Sohag is informally divided into the East District (Arabic: حى شرق) and the West District (Arabic: حي غرب). Among the most notable regions of the West District are:

Sidi Aref
Al Shahid (Arabic for the Martyr)
Gharb Al-Koubry (“West of the Bridge” neighborhood)
The East District is considered a more upscale district; it includes some of the most affluent neighborhoods of the city including 15th Street, Al Kashef Street, Jumhuriya Street, The Courts Compound, and The Technical and Agricultural Schools. Some of the most notable locales of the East District include:

The Courts Compound of Sohag
City Hall of Sohag
Sohag University
Sohag Teaching Hospital, one of the biggest hospitals of the region
Multiple governmental directorates
Many recreational areas including The Sohag Stadium and many parks including Al Zohour, a revitalized island park located in the middle of the Nile.
Nasr City, the first satellite city to be built in the East District. It was established during the presidency of Gamal Abdel Nasser.