Thinis was one of the earliest capitals of Ancient Egypt, located in the Abydos region of Upper Egypt, around 300 miles south of present-day Cairo. It was founded in the late Predynastic period, around 4000 BCE, and remained a major center until the end of the Old Kingdom, around 2200 BCE.

Thinis was known for its huge necropolis, which contained the tombs of many of the early kings of Egypt. This necropolis, known as Umm el-Qaab, was the most important center of worship and pilgrimage in Egypt for thousands of years, attracting visitors from all over the country.

The prominence of Thinis in Ancient Egypt can be seen in the fact that it was the traditional birthplace of Menes, the legendary king who claimed to have unified Upper and Lower Egypt into a single kingdom. Menes was believed to have been raised in Thinis and was later buried there, in a magnificent tomb that has since been lost to history. Thinis continued to play an important role in Ancient Egypt throughout the Old and Middle Kingdoms, with several pharaohs building temples and other monuments there. During the New Kingdom, however, the Egyptian capital moved to Thebes, and Thinis gradually declined in importance.


very little remains of the ancient city of Thinis. Most of its buildings and monuments have been lost to the sands of time, although some ruins and tombs can still be seen in the area. Despite this, the city’s legacy lives on in the many myths and legends that have grown up around it, and in the continuing fascination that scholars and travelers have for this early seat of Egyptian power and culture.