Ancient Egypt Map Under the Ptolemaic Era lasted from 305 BC to 30 BC. During this time, the country was ruled by a dynasty of Greek-speaking pharaohs, descended from Ptolemy I, one of Alexander the Great’s generals. The Ptolemaic kings, while continuing many of the traditions of the earlier Egyptian pharaohs, also introduced Greek culture and language to the country. One of the most significant changes under Ptolemaic rule was the foundation of the city of Alexandria, named after Alexander the Great. This city became one of the most important centers of learning in the ancient world, with a great library and many famous scholars and philosophers. also shows many temples and other religious buildings, including the temples at Karnak and Luxor, and the famous Great Sphinx at Giza. The Nile River, which was the lifeblood of Egypt, is shown winding through the country. In the north of the country, the city of Memphis was still an important center, while further south, the city of Thebes remained a significant religious and cultural center. The Ptolemaic kings were also responsible for building many new cities and temples throughout the country. In addition to the cities and religious buildings, the Ancient Egypt Map Under the Ptolemaic Era also shows significant trade routes and ports along the Nile River and on the Mediterranean coast. These areas were important for trade with other parts of the Mediterranean world, including Greece, Rome, and the Near East. The map also shows the location of the famous Lighthouse of Alexandria, which was one of the Seven Wonders of the Ancient World and served as a landmark for ships traveling through the harbor. This lighthouse was built by Ptolemy II during his reign and stood at over 100 meters tall. Another important feature of the map is the presence of various oases in the Western Desert. These oases were important for trade and as a source of water for travelers crossing the desert.

Overall, the map of Ancient Egypt under the Ptolemaic era shows a country that was still deeply rooted in its ancient traditions, but which was also beginning to incorporate new elements from the Greek culture that now dominated its ruling class.