Ancient Egyptian Funerary practices in ancient Egypt were complex and varied depending on social status and time period. However, some common elements can be found throughout Egyptian history. 1. Mummification: The process of preserving the body through drying and wrapping. This was done to ensure that the deceased’s physical form would remain intact after death so that they could continue their journey in the afterlife. 2. Ka and Ba: Central beliefs in Egyptian funerary practices include the existence of two parts of the soul, the Ka, and the Ba. The Ka was the spiritual representation of the body and needed physical offerings of food and drink to sustain it in the afterlife. The Ba was a personality which could travel freely between the afterlife and the physical world. 3. Funerary texts: A range of funerary texts were produced to assist the deceased on their journey to the afterlife. Some of the most notable funerary texts included the Book of the Dead and the Coffin Texts. 4. Tombs: The pyramids and burial tombs were constructed to house the deceased’s body, belongings, and offerings for the afterlife. 5. Death masks: Death masks were made to personalize and safeguard the mummy’s head. They were designed to protect the deceased in the afterlife and give them an identity. 6. Funerary objects: Items were buried with the deceased to serve specific functions in the afterlife. Such includes food, drink, clothing, jewelry, and even their pets. The objects were placed in their tombs to equip them for the journey to the afterlife.7. Opening of the Mouth ceremony: One of the most important rituals of ancient Egyptian funerary practices. The ceremony was performed to ensure that the mummy’s senses and limbs would be restored so that they could continue their journey in the afterlife. It was also believed that the ceremony would allow the deceased to eat and drink in the afterlife. 8. Canopic jars: The organs of the mummy were removed during the mummification process, and they were placed in special containers known as canopic jars. The jars were four in number, each with the head of a different god as a lid, and the organs were protected by spells and amulets. 9. The weighing of the heart: In the afterlife, the deceased’s heart would be weighed against the feather of truth by the god, Anubis. If the heart was found to be light, it would mean that the deceased led a good life, and they would be welcomed into the afterlife. However, if the heart was heavy, it would mean that the deceased had lived a bad life, and they would be devoured by a monster. 10. Professional mourners: At the funeral, family and friends of the deceased would hire professional mourners to lament and express their grief. It was believed that the more mourners present, the more impressive the funeral, and the more honorable the deceased.