Beni Suef

is the capital city of the Beni Suef Governorate in Egypt. Beni Suef is the location of Beni Suef University. An important agricultural trade centre on the west bank of the Nile River, the city is located 110 km (70 miles) south of Cairo

History Beni Suef at 1874 by Carl Friedrich Heinrich Werner from the early Pharaonic era to the Roman period, the area was home to the city of Heracleopolis, 10 miles west of the modern city. which also served as the capital of Lower and Middle Egypt during the 9th and 10th dynasties. The modern city rose to prominence during the Middle Ages, when it was renowned for its linen manufacturing, which continues to the present day through the city’s carpet making and cotton spinning industries.[4] Beni Suef became the chief town of the second province of Upper Egypt during the reign of Muhammad Ali in the 19th Century.

Etymology The modern name of the town is a corruption of its original name Manfiswayh (Arabic: منفسويه), which itself comes from a Coptic toponymic construction ⲡ-ⲙⲁ-ⲛ-… (“the place of…”); however, its exact etymology is unknown.

Geography The total area of the governorate is 1,954 square kilometers, and it is divided into six governorates. It is bordered to the north by Giza governorate and Helwan, to the northeast by Suez, to the east by the Red Sea governorate, to the west by Fayoum governorate, and to the south by Minya governorate. This region connects the north of Egypt to the south, and the east to the west, and this identity of centrality has formed the population, civilization, and economic characters of the region. The geographical proximity to vital governorates such as Cairo and Giza are significant, and the governorates of the Red Sea, Suez, Fayoum and Ismailia tourist areas all act as markets for the industrial products made in Beni Suef.