Egypt Map Across the Ages The history of Egypt is vast, spanning thousands of years, and the map of Egypt has evolved and changed along with it. Here is a brief overview of the different maps of Egypt across the ages:

1. Ancient Egypt (3100 BC – 332 BC): The ancient Egyptians viewed their country as the “Black Land” and the “Red Land,” referring to the fertile Nile valley and the surrounding desert respectively. The Nile river was the lifeblood of the civilization and the basis for the ancient Egyptian map. Maps were often created in two-dimensional representations, showing the flow of the Nile and the location of important landmarks, such as the pyramids. The ancient Egyptians also created stelae, which were inscribed with maps and symbolic depictions of the country’s landmarks and deities. 2. Hellenistic and Roman Egypt (332 BC – 395 AD): After the conquest of Alexander the Great, the capital of Egypt was moved to Alexandria, and a new period of urbanization began. The Greek ruler, Ptolemy I, created the first map of Egypt in the 3rd century BC, which was based on earlier Egyptian cartographic works. The Hellenistic maps of Egypt were more practical than symbolic, showing trade routes, military campaigns, and the location of cities and towns. 3. Islamic Egypt (641 AD – 1517 AD): After the Islamic conquest of Egypt, the country became a center of Arab culture and was ruled by a succession of caliphs, sultans, and Mamluk rulers. Islamic maps of Egypt were often created for religious purposes, such as guiding pilgrims to Mecca and Medina. These maps also included depictions of mosques, shrines, and other important Islamic sites. 4. Ottoman Egypt (1517 AD – 1798 AD): After the Ottoman Empire conquered Egypt in 1517, the country became a province of the empire and was ruled by a series of governors. Ottoman maps of Egypt were used mainly for land ownership and taxation purposes. The Ottomans also commissioned detailed land surveys, the results of which were recorded on maps. 5. Modern Egypt (1798 AD – present): With the arrival of Napoleon Bonaparte in 1798, Egypt began a period of modernization. A new set of maps was created for military, political, and scientific purposes. The publication of European maps greatly influenced the development of the modern Egyptian map. Today, the maps of Egypt are widely available and commonly used for navigation, tourism, and scientific research.