Egyptians New Year Day the Egyptian New Year was celebrated on the first day of the month of Thoth, the first month of the Egyptian calendar. Thoth was the god of wisdom and knowledge, and the Egyptians believed that this month was a time of renewal and rebirth. The celebration was called “Wep Renpet” which means “opening of the year” or “year-beginning”. The date of the Egyptian New Year varied throughout history and depended on the occurrence of the annual flooding of the Nile. The New Year’s celebration was a time for offering gratitude to the gods for the blessings of the past year and for asking for their help and protection in the coming year. People would visit the temples of the gods and exchange gifts with their loved ones. They would often wear new clothes and decorate their homes to mark the occasion. The priests of the temples would perform rituals to mark the beginning of the New Year, including purifying the temple with natron and lighting fires to honor the god Ra. The pharaoh would also perform a ritual in which he would strike the ground with a hoe to symbolize the renewal of life and fertility.

(Wepet-Renpet Festival): also known as the “Opening of the Year,” was a significant event in the Ancient Egyptian calendar and marked the beginning of the agricultural year. The date varied depending on the heliacal rising of the star Sirius, which usually occurred in mid-July. The festival was celebrated for several days, with the main focus being on the renewal of life, fertility, and rebirth. People would clean their homes, wear new clothes, and adorn their houses with greenery such as branches of palm, willow, and myrtle. They also exchanged gifts and feasted with their families and friends. Religious rituals were an essential part of the Wepet-Renpet festival, with offerings to the gods made at the temples. The priests would perform purification ceremonies, and the Pharaoh or high priest would symbolically plow the fields to ensure a successful harvest.