Heliopolis City of ancient Egypt

Heliopolis was the capital city of the 13th nome of ancient Egypt. It is in the northeast of modern-day Cairo and was famous as Iunu by the ancient Egyptians. Which means “the place of pillars.” Heliopolis was a center for the worship of the sun god, Ra, and several other deities. The city was famous to have been there by the god Atum, who created the world from the primeval waters.

From the Old Kingdom to the Ptolemaic era

Heliopolis was an important religious and cultural center. The city was home to the Great Temple of Ra. Which was one of the largest and most important temples in ancient Egypt. The temple complex covered an area of around 90 hectares and included several smaller temples dedicated to other deities such as Osiris, Isis, and Horus. Heliopolis was also famous for its vast library, which contained more than 200,000 books and manuscripts. The library was one of the most important in the ancient world. It was visited by scholars and philosophers from all over the world. Unfortunately. The library was destroyed during the Roman conquest of Egypt, and today, little remains of it.

During the New Kingdom period

Heliopolis was home to several renowned figures in Egyptian history, including the pharaohs Thutmose III and Akhenaten. Thutmose III, who reigned from 1479 to 1425 BCE, built a small temple in Heliopolis dedicated to the goddess Hathor. Meanwhile, Akhenaten, who ruled from 1353 to 1336 BCE, built a new capital city at Amarna, but Heliopolis remained an important religious center.

In the Late Period

Heliopolis declined in importance as the capital of Egypt was moved to Memphis. Today, little remains of the ancient city except for the obelisk of Senusret I.  Which is in the Al-Masalla Obelisk Square in Cairo.

In conclusion

Heliopolis was an important city in ancient Egypt, known for its religious significance, cultural achievements, and renowned figures. Though much of the city has been lost to time, its legacy lives on in the ruins that remain and in the memories of those who have studied its rich history.