Mortuary Temple of Hawara is right next to the Hawara pyramid. In Late Antiquity (284AD – 700AD) considered one of the wonders of the world. This temple has a complicated labyrinth in it. It has been said that you could not enter without a guide, because it is simply too confusing. This temple had twelve main courts with rooms, galleries, and courtyards. The dimensions of the temple were about 120m by 300m.
The temple discovered by Richard Lepsius around 1840. The area around the temple has been almost completely demolished, but he was able to make many discoveries through portraits.
History and description of The Mortuary Temple of Hawara
The Mortuary Temple of Hawara is an ancient Egyptian temple located near the modern-day town of el-Lisht. About 25 miles south of Luxor. Built during the reign of Pharaoh Seti I in the 19th Dynasty, around 1300 BCE. The temple dedicated to the god Amun.
One of the most notable features of the Mortuary Temple of Hawara is its extensive decorative art. The walls of the temple covered in colorful reliefs depicting scenes from everyday life, hunting, and warfare. The reliefs also depict the procession of the god Amun during the Opet Festival, a religious festival that took place in Thebes. The most impressive reliefs, however, are those that depict Seti I’s military campaigns in Syria and Palestine. These reliefs provide a detailed record of the military tactics and technology of the New Kingdom period.
Despite its impressive state of preservation, the Mortuary Temple of Hawara has suffered some damage over the centuries. The temple was looted in antiquity, and many of its original artifacts were removed. The temple also damaged by earthquakes in ancient times, and some of its columns reused in later structures.
In conclusion, the Mortuary Temple of Hawara is an important historical and architectural site that provides insight into the culture and beliefs of ancient Egypt. Its impressive architecture, decorative art, and religious significance make it a must-see for anyone interested in ancient Egyptian history and culture. Despite some damage over the centuries, the temple remains an important research site for archaeologists and a popular tourist destination, attracting visitors from around the world.