Philip III of Macedon was a king of Macedon, ruling from 359 BCE until his death in 336 BCE. He was the son of King Alexander the Great and Roxana, a Sogdian princess.

During his reign, Philip III focused on expanding Macedon’s territories in Greece and the Balkans. He conquered the city of Amphipolis in 357 BCE, which marked the beginning of Macedon’s expansion into Thrace.

Philip III also strengthened his army and navy, which allowed him to expand his territories further. He built a fleet of ships and sent them to the Aegean Sea to protect Macedonian interests.

One of Philip III’s most notable achievements was the establishment of the Royal Macedonian Army. He reformed the army and introduced new tactics and weapons, which made it one of the most powerful armies in the ancient world.

Coin of Philip III of Macedon. 323-317 BC. AR Tetradrachm (17.20 g, 1h). Babylon mint. Struck under Perdikkas, circa 323-320 BC. Head of Herakles right, wearing lion skin headdress / [BASILEWS FILIPPOU], Zeus Aëtophoros seated left; wheel and monogram in left field, monogram below throne.


Philip III was also famous for his cultural achievements. He sponsored the construction of several important buildings, including theaters, gymnasiums, and temples. He also supported the arts, literature, and music.

Philip III died in 336 BCE, after reigning for 17 years. He was succeeded by his son Alexander the Great, who went on to conquer much of the known world. Philip III’s legacy was continued by his son, who built on the foundations laid by his father and became one of the greatest leaders in history.