Prehistoric Egypt is an exciting time in human history, with evidence of human habitation dating back to around 6000 BCE. During this time, humans lived in small communities, hunting and gathering food, and making simple tools from materials such as stone, bone, and wood.

Around 4000 BCE, the first complex societies began to emerge in Egypt. These societies were based on agriculture, with people living in villages and towns and working together to grow crops and raise animals. This led to the development of the first systems of government, religion, and writing.

One of the most important discoveries from this time period is the Narmer Palette, which depicts the unification of Upper and Lower Egypt under the rule of a single pharaoh. This event is the beginning of the Egyptian civilization as we know it today.

Artifacts of Egypt from the Prehistoric period, from 4400 to 3100 BC. First row from top left: a Badarian ivory figurine, a Naqada jar, a Bat figurine. Second row: a diorite vase, a flint knife, a cosmetic palette.

Artifacts of Egypt from the Prehistoric period

The pyramids, one of the most iconic symbols of ancient Egypt, were also there during this time. The earliest pyramids were simple structures, but over time they became increasingly larger and more complex, with multiple levels and internal chambers.

The ancient Egyptians were also famous for their advanced knowledge of mathematics, astronomy, and medicine. They developed a sophisticated system of writing using hieroglyphs, which allowed them to record a vast amount of information about their culture, history, and religion.

The art and architecture of ancient Egypt are also highly regarded. The Egyptians were skilled sculptors and painters, creating works that showcased their gods, pharaohs, and daily life. Their temples and tombs were also decorated with intricate carvings and paintings, many of which have survived to this day.


In conclusion, prehistoric Egypt was a fascinating time in human history. With the emergence of complex societies, the development of advanced systems of government and religion. And the creation of iconic structures such as the pyramids. The art, architecture, and knowledge of the ancient Egyptians continue to inspire and captivate people around the world.