The Pyramid of Unas is the sixth pyramid of the Giza Plateau and the last pyramid built during the Old Kingdom period. It was there for the pharaoh Unas, who ruled Egypt during the Fifth Dynasty around 2375-2345 BCE. The pyramid is relatively small compared to the other pyramids in the Giza complex. With a base length of 230 meters and a height of 65 meters.

The Pyramid of Unas is unique in that it is the first pyramid to have its inner chambers decorated with the Pyramid Texts. A collection of spells and prayers intended to guide the pharaoh’s spirit through the afterlife. The texts were painted on the walls of the burial chamber and the antechamber. They were later carved into the walls of other pyramids as well.

The pyramid’s mortuary temple, located at the base of the pyramid. Is the largest and most well-preserved of all the Fifth Dynasty mortuary temples. It features a series of pillared halls, courtyards, and chapels, as well as several large stone statues of Unas.

The Pyramid of Unas is also notable for its unique construction method. Unlike earlier pyramids, which were using the stepped core technique. The Pyramid of Unas was using a technique famous as “polygonal filling.” This method involved stacking large limestone blocks in a polygonal pattern to fill in the space between the core and the outer casing.


Despite its relatively small size and unique construction method. The Pyramid of Unas remains an important part of the Giza complex. An important monument to ancient Egyptian architecture and culture. The Pyramid Texts and the mortuary temple provide valuable insights into the religious beliefs and funerary practices of the Old Kingdom. The pyramid’s location on the Giza Plateau makes it a popular tourist destination.

Photograph of a face of the main pyramid.