The 1919 Egyptian Revolution was a turning point in the history of Egypt. Marked by widespread unrest and protests against British rule. The revolution began on January 26, 1919, and lasted for several months. The cause of the revolution was the British occupation of Egypt, which had begun in 1882 following the Anglo-Egyptian War. The Egyptian people were fed up with the British government’s heavy-handed policies and its refusal to grant Egyptian nationalists greater political rights.

On January 26, 1919, a group of Egyptian nationalists, led by Mustafa Kemal (later known as Atatürk) and Saad Zaghlul. Staged a demonstration in front of the Egyptian parliament in Cairo. The demonstrators were demanding the right to self-determination and the expulsion of the British from Egypt. The protest quickly turned violent, with the Egyptian police using force to disperse the crowd.

The British government responded to the demonstration by arresting Kemal and other nationalist leaders and dissolving the Egyptian parliament. However, this only served to further inflame public opinion in Egypt. Over the next several months, protests and demonstrations continued to take place across the country, with the people calling for an end to British rule and the establishment of an independent Egyptian government.

In the end, the 1919 Egyptian Revolution was a success. In September 1922, the British government signed the Anglo-Egyptian Treaty, which granted Egypt a degree of self-government and recognized its right to participate in the administration of its own affairs. The treaty marked the beginning of a new era in Egyptian history, one in which the people of Egypt would play a greater role in shaping their own destiny.


In conclusion, the 1919 Egyptian Revolution was a significant event in the history of Egypt. Marking a turning point in the country’s struggle for independence and self-determination. The revolution was fueled by a deep sense of frustration and anger at British rule, and had widespread protests and demonstrations. While the revolution was not without its challenges and setbacks. It ultimately succeeded in achieving its goals and paved the way for a new era of Egyptian self-government.