About Al Muizz street
Al-Muizz li-Din Allah al-Fatimi Street (Arabic: شارع المعز لدين الله الفاطمي), or al-Muizz Street for short, is a major north-to-south street in the walled city of historic Cairo, Egypt. It is one of Cairo’s oldest streets as it dates back to the foundation of the city (not counting the earlier Fustat) by the Fatimid dynasty in the 10th century, under their fourth caliph, Al Muizz li Din Allah.
Historically, it was the most important artery of the city and was often referred to as the Qasaba (or Qasabah). It constituted the main axis of the city’s economic zones where its souqs (markets) were concentrated. The street’s prestige also attracted the construction of many monumental religious and charitable buildings commissioned by Egypt’s rulers and elites, making it a dense repository of historic Islamic architecture in Cairo. This is especially evident in the Bayn al Qasrayn area, which is lined with some of the most important monuments of Islamic Cairo.
Al-Muizz street runs from the city gate of Bab al Futuh in the north to the gate of Bab Zuweila in the south, both entrances in the stone walls built by the vizier Badr al Jamali in the 11th century. This makes it one of the longest streets in the walled city, at approximately one kilometer long. Although the name al-Muizz street generally applies only to the street within the historic walled city. In practice the road begun by al-Muizz street continues (under various names) further south for a few kilometers. Passing through the Qasaba of Radwan Bey (al Khayamiya street), and finally ending at the great Qarafa necropolis (the Southern Cemetery or City of the Dead).
Historically, the street was referred to as the Qasaba and constituted the main urban axis of economic and religious life.
The Fatimids conquered Egypt in 969 CE with a North African Kutama army under the command of the general. In 970, Jawhar was responsible for planning. Founding, and constructing a new city to serve as the residence and center of power for the Fatimid Caliphs. People called the city al-Mu’izziyya al-Qaahirah. The “Victorious City of al Muizz”, later simply called “al-Qahira”, which gave us the modern name of Cairo.
The city was located northeast of Fustat, the existing capital and main city of Egypt. Jawhar organized the city so that Two great palaces for the caliphs were at its center. While between them was an important plaza Bayn al Qasrayn (“Between the Two Palaces”). The city’s main street connected its northern and southern gates and passed between the palaces via Bayn al-Qasrayn. In this period of the city’s history, however, Cairo was a restricted city accessible only to the caliph. The army, state officials, and other persons required for the palace-city’s functioning.