Ancient Egyptian Inventions in Language & Literature 1. Hieroglyphics: The ancient Egyptians are credited with inventing hieroglyphics, a system of writing that used pictures and symbols to represent words and concepts. 2. Papyrus: Papyrus was a writing material made from the papyrus plant. It was used by ancient Egyptians to create scrolls and books, making it one of the earliest paper-like substances in history. 3. Poetry: The ancient Egyptians were skilled poets, with a rich tradition of writing poetry and songs that celebrated their gods, rulers, and daily life. 4. The Book of the Dead: Also known as the “Book of Coming Forth by Day,” the Book of the Dead was a collection of funerary inscriptions and spells that were used to guide the souls of the deceased through the afterlife. 5. Mathematical Treatises: The ancient Egyptians were skilled mathematicians and created works related to geometry, fractions, and algebra. 6. Love Poetry: The Egyptians had a tradition of writing passionate love poetry that celebrated the beauty and virtues of a beloved partner. 7. Literary Tales: Ancient Egyptians wrote fiction, including tales of adventure, romance, and fantasy. 8. Proverbs: The ancient Egyptians were known for their wise sayings and proverbs, which were often inscribed on tomb walls and other monuments. 9. Folk Tales: The Egyptians also produced a range of folk tales that covered a variety of topics, from animal fables to tales of tricksters and wise fools. 10. Medical Texts: The ancient Egyptians wrote extensively on medical topics, including surgery, anatomy, and pharmacology. Their texts are among the earliest surviving medical treatises in the world.11. Memphite Theology: This is an ancient Egyptian creation myth that presents the god Ptah as the creator of the world. The text describes in great detail the process by which Ptah creates the universe, the gods, and mankind. 12. Instruction Texts: These are a series of texts written to provide moral advice to young men and women. There were different versions of the texts, each geared towards a different audience, from the king to the common person. 13. Hymns: Ancient Egyptians wrote a large number of hymns, intended to glorify the gods and express gratitude for the blessings of life. Some hymns were accompanied by music and dance.