Ancient Egyptian Inventions processes or techniques which owe their existence or first known written account either partially or entirely to an Egyptian person. 1. Papyrus: Ancient Egyptians developed a paper-like material called papyrus from the pith of the papyrus plant. 2. Hieroglyphics: The ancient Egyptians developed a picture writing system called hieroglyphics, which was used for recording important events and religious texts. 3. Pyramids: Ancient Egyptians constructed massive pyramids as tombs for their Pharaohs and queens. 4. Calendar: The ancient Egyptians developed the earliest known solar calendar, consisting of 365 days, with 12 months of 30 days and an additional five intercalary days. 5. Mathematics: The ancient Egyptians developed advanced mathematical knowledge, including geometry and the use of fractions. 6. Cosmetics: Ancient Egyptians used makeup, perfumes, and oils for personal hygiene and to enhance their appearance. 7. Medicine: Ancient Egyptians developed medical knowledge and treatments, including the use of herbs and complex surgical procedures. 8. Wheel: Ancient Egyptians created the earliest form of the wheel, used for pottery making and transportation. 9. Shaduf: Ancient Egyptians developed a device called shaduf, used for lifting water from the Nile River to irrigate fields. 10. Loom: Ancient Egyptians developed a loom for weaving textiles, which was used for making clothing and linens.11. Irrigation systems: Ancient Egyptians developed a sophisticated system of canals and levees to irrigate their crops. 12. Hieratic script: Hieratic script was a simplified form of hieroglyphics used for everyday writing purposes in Ancient Egypt. 13. Wigs: Ancient Egyptians developed the art of making wigs from human and animal hair, which were worn by both men and women. 14. Harpoon: Ancient Egyptians developed harpoons, which were used for fishing and hunting crocodiles in the Nile River. 15. Makeup mirrors: Ancient Egyptians invented makeup mirrors made of polished metal or obsidian. 16. Dental hygiene: Ancient Egyptians developed toothpaste and toothbrushes made of twigs and leaves. 17. Glassmaking: Ancient Egyptians were one of the first civilizations to develop glassmaking techniques, producing decorative and functional glass objects. 18. Shipbuilding: Ancient Egyptians built wooden ships for transportation and trade on the Nile and the Red Sea. 19. Perfumes: Ancient Egyptians developed a wide range of perfumes and oils, using various plant extracts and resins. 20. Medical equipment: Ancient Egypt had developed a variety of medical instruments, such as scalpels, forceps, and surgical tongs, for use in surgeries.