The Ben Ezra Synagogue (Hebrew: בית כנסת בן עזרא; Arabic: معبد بن عزرا), sometimes referred to as the El-Geniza Synagogue (בית כנסת אל גניזה) or the Synagogue of the Levantines (al-Shamiyin), is situated in the Fustat part of Old Cairo, Egypt. According to local folklore, it is on the site where baby Moses.

During the Byzantine era, the synagogue was an important center of Jewish learning and worship. It was also a place of refuge for Jewish scholars and leaders who the Roman Empire  persecuted them.

In the Islamic era, the synagogue was converted into a mosque and was used for prayer and religious instruction. During this time, the synagogue’s beautiful murals were painted, depicting scenes from the Bible and Jewish history.

Ben Ezra Synagogue
Interior of the synagogue
Ben Ezra Synagogue

Interior of the Ben Ezra Synagogue from the upper gallery

Description of Ben Ezra Synagogue

The Ben Ezra Synagogue, the Synagogue of the Holy Family, is a historic synagogue located in Old Cairo. It is one of the oldest synagogues in the world during the Roman era, making it an important cultural and historical landmark.

The synagogue refers to the ancient Jewish community that lived in the area, which was the Jewish Quarter. It was an important center of Jewish learning and worship.

The Ben Ezra Synagogue is famous for its intricate architecture and beautiful murals. It depict scenes from the Bible and Jewish history. The murals painted during the Islamic era, and they are a testament to the rich cultural heritage of the area.

Today, it is a popular tourist attraction and is open to visitors who wish to explore its history and architecture. It is also an important place of worship for the Coptic Orthodox Church. It uses the synagogue for services on occasion.

Overall, it is a unique and fascinating cultural landmark. It offers a glimpse into the rich history and cultural heritage of Old Cairo.