Egypt Map Under the Mamluk the Mamluk Dynasty ruled Egypt from the 13th to the 16th century. During their reign, they left a lasting impact on the country’s architecture, culture, and politics. The Mamluk Dynasty’s capital was Cairo. At the time, Cairo was one of the largest and most prosperous cities in the world. It was a hub of trade, culture, and learning. The city was home to numerous mosques, madrasas, and markets that reflected the Mamluk’s Islamic heritage. The Mamluk Dynasty also extended its territory beyond Egypt. They controlled parts of Syria, Palestine, and the Hejaz. The map shows the extent of the Mamluk’s territorial expansion during their reign. One of the most notable examples of Mamluk architecture is the Citadel of Cairo. The Citadel is a massive fortress that was built to protect the city from invaders. It also served as the residence of the Mamluk rulers. Another iconic Mamluk structure is the Al-Azhar Mosque. It is one of the oldest Islamic universities in the world and remains a major center of Islamic scholarship to this day. The mosque was built in the 10th century but underwent significant expansion and renovation during the Mamluk period. In addition to their architectural achievements, the Mamluks are known for their military prowess. They successfully repelled Mongol invasions and defeated Crusader armies that had previously overrun the region. The Mamluk army was composed of slave soldiers who were trained from a young age in combat and warfare. Despite their military successes, the Mamluks faced internal political strife and division towards the end of their rule. In 1517, the Ottoman Empire conquered Egypt and ended the Mamluk Dynasty’s reign. Nonetheless, the Mamluk legacy continues to influence Egyptian culture and heritage to this day.

Here is a map of Egypt under the Mamluk Dynasty: