Egypt Map Under Transition the Cairo Conference of 1871, also known as the Conference of the Powers, was a diplomatic meeting held in Cairo, Egypt, that aimed to settle territorial disputes between Ethiopia and Egypt. During this time, Egypt was undergoing significant political, economic, and social change under the rule of Khedive Ismail. The conference was called to establish definitive borders between Egypt and Ethiopia, which had long been in dispute. As a result of the Cairo Conference, there were significant changes to Egypt’s geographical representation on maps. The conference established the boundaries of modern-day Egypt which included the Sinai Peninsula, the Nile Valley, and parts of the Libyan desert. Moreover, this conference gave Egypt control over a significant portion of Sudan, which was seen as a move towards increasing Egypt’s influence and imperial power in the region. The new borders set by the conference were gradually adopted and incorporated into maps of the time, changing the country’s geography and territorial outline. It should be noted that the Cairo Conference was controversial at the time and remains a topic of historical debate. While it settled the dispute between Ethiopia and Egypt, many argue that it left the borders in a state of uncertainty and continued to fuel tensions and disagreements between Egypt and other countries in the region.

Overview Mohammad Ali had plans to create his new empire outside the borders of Egypt to the point where he can replace the Ottoman regime with one of his own. He was unable to make his dream come true after he was forced to withdraw from his march on Constantinople and give up his claim to Syria in 1841 and settle with being the hereditary ruler of Egypt for him and his successors. In 1869 the Suez Canal was opened after 10 years of construction of Egyptian labor and design by French engineers and the control of the British government.