The Egyptian Museum is one of the largest and most famous international museums, located in the heart of the Egyptian capital “Cairo” on the northern side of Tahrir Square. Its establishment dates back to 1835 and was located at the time in Azbakia Park, where it included a large number of various antiquities, and then transferred its contents to the second exhibition hall in the Citadel of Salah al-Din, until the French Egyptologist Auguste Mariette, who was working at the Louvre Museum, thought of opening a museum in which he displays a collection Of the antiquities on the Nile shore at Bulaq, and when these antiquities were exposed to the danger of flooding, they were transferred to a special annex to the Khedive Ismail Palace in Giza. Then came the Egyptologist Gaston Maspero and opened in 1902 during the reign of Khedive Abbas Helmy II the new museum building in its current location in the heart of Cairo.
The Egyptian Museum is considered one of the first museums in the world that was established to be a public museum, unlike the museums that preceded it. The museum includes more than 180,000 artifacts, the most important of which are the archaeological collections found in the tombs of kings and the royal entourage of the middle family in Dahshur in 1894, and the museum now houses the largest collection Archaeological sites in the world express all phases of ancient Egyptian history.