Gabal El Uweinat is a mountain range located in the western part of Egypt. Near the border with Libya and Algeria. It is famous for its unique geological features, including sandstone plateaus, rock formations, and canyons.
The area is notable for its prehistoric rock carvings, first reported by the Egyptian explorer Ahmed Pasha Hassanein—the discoverer of Uweinat, who in 1923 traversed the first 40 km of the mountain towards east, without reaching the end. Engraved in sandstone, thousands of petroglyphs are visible, representing lions, giraffes, ostriches, gazelles, cows and little human figures. According to a technical report of UNESCO, “Thousands of rock art sites of different styles and themes are distributed all over the area, witnessing to the development of early pastoralism in Africa and exchanges among different ethnic groups across the Sahara.”
The mountain range is home to a variety of plants and animals. Including rare and endangered species such as the addax antelope and the scimitar-horned oryx. It is also a popular destination for hikers and adventurers, who can explore the area’s rugged terrain and stunning landscapes.
Gabal El Uweinat is also of significant scientific importance. As it is the site of an ancient meteor impact that occurred around 35 million years ago. The impact has created a crater that is over 50 kilometers wide and is still visible today.
Overall, Gabal El Uweinat is a unique and stunning destination that is home to a variety of natural and cultural wonders. Its rugged terrain, diverse plant and animal life, and rich geological history make it a must-see destination for anyone visiting Egypt.