Hatshepsut was the fifth pharaoh of the Eighteenth Dynasty of Egypt and the only female pharaoh of the New Kingdom. She ruled from approximately 1479 to 1458 BCE and was one of the most successful pharaohs of ancient Egypt.

During her reign, Hatshepsut focused on expanding Egypt’s trade and diplomacy, and she established trade relationships with other countries, including Punt, a land believed to be located in modern-day Somalia. She also sent several expeditions to the Land of Punt to bring back valuable resources, including incense, myrrh, and gold.

Hatshepsut also oversaw several building projects, including the construction of several temples and other monuments throughout Egypt. One of her most famous building projects is the Mortuary Temple of Hatshepsut at Deir el-Bahri. Which features some of the most impressive architectural achievements of the New Kingdom.

Statue of Hatshepsut on display at the Metropolitan Museum of Art


Hatshepsut also embarked on several other diplomatic and military campaigns, including the conquest of the Nile Delta and the restoration of trade and diplomatic relations with Nubia. She also established a trade route to the Levant, which allowed Egypt to access valuable resources such as timber and precious metals.

Hatshepsut’s legacy as a pharaoh is one of success and innovation. She was one of the most powerful and influential pharaohs of the New Kingdom. And her building projects and diplomatic achievements left a lasting impact on the history of ancient Egypt. Despite her success, however, her legacy was largely forgotten after her death, and it was not until the 20th century that her achievements were rediscovered and celebrated.