Overview About the Two Temples of Abu Simbel the Two Temples of Abu Simbel are located in southern Egypt, near the border with Sudan. They were built during the reign of Pharaoh Ramesses II in the 13th century BC, and are dedicated to the gods Amun-Ra, Ra-Horakhty, and Ptah. The larger of the two temples is the Great Temple of Ramses II, also known as the Temple of Sun. It features four colossal statues of Ramses II, each standing more than 20 meters high. The temple also contains intricate carvings and reliefs depicting scenes from various battles and religious events. The smaller temple is dedicated to Ramses II’s wife, Nefertari, and is also known as the Temple of Hathor. It features six statues – four of Nefertari and two of Ramses II – and contains carvings and reliefs depicting the royal family in various scenes of daily life. Both temples were threatened with submersion by the Nile River due to the construction of the Aswan High Dam in the 1960s. An international rescue mission led to the relocation of the temples to a higher location, with the help of UNESCO. Today, the temples are visited by thousands of tourists each year and are recognized as a UNESCO World Heritage Site.The Great Temple of Ramses II was constructed to commemorate the pharaoh’s victory at the Battle of Kadesh and to honor the gods. The temple’s interior features a series of halls and chambers decorated with intricate carvings and hieroglyphics that tell the story of Ramses II’s reign and his devotion to the gods. The facade of the temple features four giant statues of Ramses II seated on a throne, each more than 20 meters tall. The statues depict the pharaoh wearing a double crown, the Upper and Lower Egypt. On either side of the entrance, there are additional statues of smaller figures, including Ramses II’s beloved wife, Nefertari. The Temple of Hathor, situated next to the Great Temple, was commissioned by Ramses II in honor of his wife, who he believed to be the reincarnation of the goddess Hathor. The temple features six statues, including four statues of Nefertari, each over ten meters tall. The temple’s interior features detailed carvings and relief sculptures depicting the royal family.