The History of the Old Kingdom of Ancient Egypt also known as the Age of the Pyramids, lasted from around 2686 to 2181 BCE. During this period, Egypt experienced a period of prosperity and stability, which saw the construction of some of the world’s most famous landmarks, including the Great Pyramids. The Old Kingdom began with the reign of King Djoser, who ruled from around 2686 to 2649 BCE. Djoser’s architect, Imhotep, designed the first pyramid in Egypt, the Step Pyramid at Saqqara, which became the template for all later pyramid construction. The Fourth Dynasty, marked by the reign of pharaohs such as Sneferu, Khufu, and Menkaure, saw the construction of the Great Pyramids of Giza, one of the most impressive feats of construction in human history. These structures required immense resources and manpower, and their enigmatic nature still fascinates people today. During the Old Kingdom, the Egyptian state was highly centralized, with the pharaohs at the top of the social hierarchy. They were considered divine beings, responsible for maintaining Ma’at, the ancient Egyptian concept of balance and order. The pharaohs also controlled vast resources and commanded a large workforce to carry out their grand designs. However, the Old Kingdom was not without its challenges. Towards the end of the Sixth Dynasty, Egypt experienced a period of decline, marked by crop failures, economic struggles, and civil unrest. By 2181 BCE, the Old Kingdom had collapsed, paving the way for the First Intermediate Period and a new era in Egyptian history. Despite its eventual decline, the Old Kingdom of Ancient Egypt remains a testament to the engineering and architectural prowess of the ancient Egyptians, whose achievements continue to inspire wonder and awe thousands of years later.
The Ending of Old Kingdom Egypt The final days of the old kingdom of ancient Egypt were filled with civil wars between governors and the rise of the power level of the priesthood which destroyed any kind of central authority and unity. The economy of the country was still damaged because of all of Khufu’s massive constructions and the climate shift that prevented the usual flooding of the Nile led to decades of famine and never-ending conflicts during the first intermediate.