The Ancient Egyptian Mummification Process Steps-by-Steps was carried out over a period of several weeks and involved a variety of different steps. These steps were performed by skilled embalmers, who were responsible for ensuring that the body was properly prepared and preserved. Before the mummification process evolved to its finest form, the corpse was put in a pit in the desert in a fatal sleeping position with all their precious personal items. All the water would be absorbed from the body thus preserving it. The body was wrapped in animal skins inside a wooden or pottery coffin, lined with many mud bricks, and covered entirely so the preservation procession to be more intact. The internal organs were removed, dried, and put in jars to better improve the mummification process. The process was performed by skilled priests who extracted the brain from the nostrils with an iron hook then the flank was opened the content of the abdomen was totally removed. The cavity is cleaned and filled with cassia and myrrh plus other aromatic substances. The body is sewn up and covered in natron entirely for 70 whole days, afterwards, the body is washed and put in linen bags for 35 days to draw all the moisture across all the tissues. All the removed organs such as lungs, liver, stomach, and intestines, were then put in Canopic jars with dry natron, the heart was left in the body as the core of intelligence. The body was then filled with lichen, sawdust, cloth scraps, and Nile mud to make the body flexible. The Ancient Egyptians would then replace the eyes with linen pads and small cooking onions. In the Middle Kingdom, it became a standard to place a mask over the face of the mummy. Prayers from the Book of the Dead were added to the mummy to make his transition to the afterlife as safe and successful as possible.
The Steps of the Mummification Process: Step 1: Insert a hook through a nostril hole to extract a portion of the brain. Step 2: Make an incision on the body’s left side near the abdomen. Step 3: Remove all the internal organs. Step 4: Allow the internal organs to dry. Step 5: Store the lungs, stomach, intestines, and liver in canopic jars. Step 6: Return the heart to its original position within the body. Step 7: Cleanse the interior of the body with a mixture of wine, herbs, and spices. Step 8: Cover the deceased body with natron (salt) for exactly 70 days. Step 9: After 40 days, fill the body with linen or sand to restore a lifelike form. Step 10: At the conclusion of the 70-day period, enshroud the body in bandages from head to toe. Step 11: Place the wrapped body within a sarcophagus “ancient Egyptian decorated coffin”. Final Step: If the individual held the status of a Pharaoh, they would be interred in an exclusive burial chamber decorated with spells from ancient Egyptian texts like the Book of the Dead along with abundant treasures that would assist him in his journey to the afterlife.