The Tulunids were a Turkish dynasty that ruled Egypt from 868 to 905 CE. They were a military dynasty that came to power after the Abbasids, who had previously ruled the country. The Tulunids were famous for their efficient administration and their efforts to strengthen the state’s economy. They established a system of taxation that helped to stabilize the government’s finances and allowed them to invest in infrastructure projects such as irrigation systems and fortifications. The Tulunids were descendants of the Abbasid caliph al-Mutawakkil, who appointed them as governors of Egypt. They established their capital in al-Qata’i, near the Fatimid stronghold of al-Mansuriyah. The Tulunids were famous for their efficient administration, which allowed them to collect taxes and maintain order in the country. They also established a mint in Alexandria, which produced high-quality gold and silver coins.

Minaret of Ibn Tulun Mosque, the largest remaining building from the Tulunid period today.


They invested in infrastructure projects such as irrigation systems and fortifications, which helped to improve the country’s agricultural output and security. They also promoted trade and commerce, which helped to boost the economy. Despite their efforts, the Tulunids faced several challenges during their reign. They were involved in a power struggle with the Abbasid caliph in Baghdad, which weakened their position. They also faced resistance from the Fatimids, who controlled the neighboring city of al-Mansuriyah. The Tulunids were eventually overthrown by the Ikhshidids, who established a new dynasty in Egypt. The Ikhshidids continued many of the policies of the Tulunids, including their support for the arts and literature.