The Villa of the Birds was a villa in the Early Roman Period. People knew it for its well mosaics, which are the only mosaics that anyone can view it in their original environment in Alexandria. The villa  probably constructed sometime in the first century AD, and it burned to the ground sometime in the late third century. The mosaics remained in reasonably excellent shape despite being later looted for materials and being occupied for a considerable amount of time. Two mosaics are completely conserved and two are partially preserved, for a total of four mosaics that are almost 110 square feet in size. One of them, α-5, features nine different birds in nine separate squares, and gives the villa its name. The art of birds is Egyptian in style, but also draws influence from other western provinces and Pergamon.

Villa of the birds

History of the Villa of the birds

In fact, they are under the Egyptian Antiquities Project, which began in 1993. The Director of the mosaic project of Villa of the Birds was Dr. Wojciech Kolataj. He assisted by archaeologist Dr. Grzegorz Majchereck. The team included the conservator Ewa Parandowska and Conservator Essam Mursi. Moreover, it also included the mason Ramadan Abdel Rehim and laborer Mohamed Fawzi .

In fact, Villa of the Birds Alexandria is a Roman house. It named after the exceptional pavement depicting nine recognizable birds. They are pigeons, peacock, parrot, quail and water hen. Moreover, A mosaic surface of 110 square meters created by ancient artisans. They used different techniques to adorn floors. A fire had damaged the mosaics in the late third century AD. Intense heat caused the bulge of the mosaics and soot blackened their surface. The roof and wall of Villa of the Birds Alexandria collapsed causing the slump and break of the mosaics .