Ancient Egypt Map Under the Fatimid Rule First, it’s important to note that the Fatimid Caliphate ruled Egypt from 969 AD to 1171 AD. During this time, Egypt was divided into various provinces, each under the jurisdiction of a governor. Apart from political divisions, the map of ancient Egypt under the Fatimids also saw the construction of several prominent buildings. The Al-Azhar Mosque, which was established in the heart of Cairo, became one of the most significant landmarks of Fatimid architecture. It was the first mosque in Cairo and also served as a center of learning, where scholars from different parts of the Muslim world came to study. Another notable structure constructed during the Fatimid period was the Cairo Citadel. Built in the 12th century, it was a fortress that housed several barracks, palaces, and schools. The Citadel played an essential role in the defense of Cairo and was considered one of the most significant symbols of Fatimid military might.

These provinces were:

1. Alexandria: This province is located in the northwestern part of Egypt and was the second-largest city in the country during the Fatimid rule. It was an important commercial center and served as the capital of Egypt for a brief period. 2. Cairo: The capital of Egypt during most of the Fatimid rule, Cairo was located in the northeastern part of the country, near the Nile River. It was a major cultural, commercial, and political center of the empire. 3. Aswan: This province, located in the southern part of Egypt, was an important trade route that connected Egypt with other major cities in Africa. 4. Fustat: This province was located in the southern part of Cairo and was home to a significant population of Coptic and Jewish communities. 5. Upper Egypt: This province was located in the southern part of the country and was an important agricultural hub. It was known for its wheat and barley production. 6. Lower Egypt: This province was located in the northern part of the country and was an important center for commerce and trade.

These provinces were connected by an extensive network of canals and waterways, which facilitated trade and commerce in the country The Fatimid rule in Egypt was marked by significant achievements in architecture, art, and science, many of which are still visible in modern-day Egypt.