Ancient Egyptian Inventions in Creation of Medicine Ancient Egyptians were highly skilled in the creation and use of medicine. They developed many techniques and medicines that advanced medical practices in their time and paved the way for modern medicine. Here are some of the most notable ancient Egyptian inventions in the creation of medicine: 1. Surgical tools: Ancient Egyptians used surgical tools made from copper, bronze, and iron for various procedures. They were skilled in the use of metal instruments, such as scalpels, forceps, and scissors. 2. Medicinal plants: Egyptians were known for their extensive knowledge of medicinal plants. They used various herbs, including aloe vera, garlic, and chamomile, for treating different ailments. 3. Embalming techniques: Egyptians were experts in the process of embalming, which helped preserve dead bodies. They used various natural substances in embalming, such as natron, myrrh, and frankincense, which had antibacterial properties. 4. Eye surgery: Egyptians developed sophisticated eye surgery techniques, including cataract removal and eyelid surgery. They used specialized tools, such as probes, to perform these procedures. 5. Anesthesia: Egyptians used natural substances, such as opium, mandrake, and henbane, as anesthesia during surgeries. They also used alcohol as an anesthetic for minor procedures. 6. Diagnostic techniques: Egyptians were also skilled in the use of diagnostic techniques, such as palpation, percussion, and auscultation, to understand the patient’s condition. They also used urine and pulse analysis to diagnose diseases. 7. Medical texts: The ancient Egyptians left behind extensive medical texts known as the Kahun Papyrus, the Edwin Smith Papyrus, and the Ebers Papyrus. These texts contain detailed instructions for dealing with various medical conditions and offer insights into ancient Egyptian medical practices. Overall, ancient Egyptian inventions in the creation of medicine were highly advanced for their time, and many of their practices and techniques are still used in modern medicine today.