Crime & Punishment in Life in Ancient Egypt were perceived differently than in other societies. Law and order were important in the ancient Egyptian civilization since it supported the structure of the state. The legal system was based on the pharaoh’s authority, but it did not work without the support of the government officials and the public. Types of Crime in Ancient Egypt There are two types of crime in ancient Egypt, which is major offenses and minor offenses. Major offenses are crimes that threatened the stability of Egyptian society, while minor offenses were not significant.
Major offenses in ancient Egypt were: 1. Murder – Anyone found guilty of killing another would be sentenced to death by drowning, burning, or beheading. 2. Theft – Thieves would have their hands cut off as punishment. 3. Adultery – Adultery was a crime that had severe consequences. Both parties involved could be sentenced to death or castration.
Minor offenses in ancient Egypt were: 1. Failure to pay debts – Defaulters were forced to work off their debts. 2. Breaking contracts – The person who breached the contract would have to pay a fine to the other party. 3. Forgetting to pay taxes – Those who forgot to pay taxes would have to pay double the amount.
Punishment in Ancient Egypt the punishments for major crimes in ancient Egypt were severe. For example, a person found guilty of murder could be sentenced to death by drowning, burning, or beheading. In cases of theft, the accused would have their hands cut off as punishment.
Law Enforcement in ancient Egypt was primarily the responsibility of local authorities. These authorities were responsible for maintaining law and order within their jurisdiction. Law enforcement officials were known as scribes or constables, and they were responsible for investigating crimes, arresting suspects, and bringing them to trial. The trial process in ancient Egypt was based on the principle of innocence until proven guilty. Trials were held in front of the Pharaoh or a high-ranking official, and the accused was allowed to defend themselves with a lawyer or speak for themselves. Evidence was presented, and witnesses were called to testify under oath. The final decision on the case was made by the Pharaoh based on the evidence and the arguments made by both sides.