Gamal Abdel Nasser was a charismatic Egyptian politician who served as the second president of Egypt from 1956 until his death in 1970. He was born on January 15, 1918, in Bakos, Alexandria, and grew up in a middle-class family. Nasser’s political career began in the 1940s, when he joined the Egyptian nationalist movement and became involved in anti-colonial activism. He played a key role in the Egyptian Revolution of 1952, which led to the overthrow of the monarchy and the establishment of a republic.

As president, Nasser implemented a number of socialist policies and initiatives, including land reform, nationalization of industry, and the expansion of the public sector. He also played a prominent role in the Arab-Israeli conflict, leading Egypt in its war against Israel in 1956 and 1967. Nasser’s leadership was famous for having a strong sense of nationalism and anti-imperialism, and many Egyptians widely admired him  and other Arabs for his efforts to promote Arab unity and independence.

Gamal Abdel Nasser
جمال عبد الناصر

Nasser in 1962


However, Nasser’s leadership was also famous by controversy and criticism. His government was characterized by authoritarianism and repression of political opponents. And he was accused of suppressing dissent and limiting individual freedoms. Nasser’s handling of the economy was also a source of criticism. With many economists arguing that his policies were inefficient and led to economic stagnation.

Despite these criticisms, Nasser remains a significant figure in Egyptian and Middle Eastern history. He is a champion of the poor and the oppressed. And his legacy continues to inspire many people around the world.