Mohamed Anwar El Sadat was an Egyptian politician who served as the third President of Egypt from 1970 until his assassination in 1981. He was a member of the Sadat family and a close friend of former President Gamal Abdel Nasser.
After the death of Nasser in 1970, Sadat was President by the People’s Assembly. He quickly began implementing economic and social reforms aimed at modernizing Egypt. He also launched a war against Israel in 1973, which resulted in a peace treaty between the two countries in 1979.
Sadat’s domestic policies were characterized by a strong authoritarian government and the suppression of political opposition. He also implemented Islamic policies, including the reintroduction of the Arabic language in schools and the banning of alcohol.
Sadat’s rule was not without controversy, and he faced criticism from both domestic and foreign sources. He was seen as a dictator by many Egyptians, and his economic and social reforms were often criticized as being ineffective.
During Nasser’s presidency
Top Egyptian leaders in Alexandria, 1968. From left to right: Gamal Abdel Nasser, Sadat, Ali Sabri and Hussein el Shafei.During the presidency of Gamal Abdel Nasser, Sadat was appointed minister of State in 1954. He was also appointed editor of the newly founded daily Al Gomhuria. In 1959, he assumed the position of Secretary to the National Union. Sadat was the President of the National Assembly (1960–1968) and then vice President and member of the presidential council in 1964.
In conclusion, Mohamed Anwar El Sadat was a controversial figure in Egyptian politics. Famous for his strong authoritarian rule and his reforms aimed at modernizing the country. He is famous for his role in the 1973 war against Israel and the peace treaty that followed. But his legacy is also famous by his suppression of political opposition and criticism from both domestic and foreign sources.