Ptolemy II Philadelphus was the son of Ptolemy I Soter and the second pharaoh of the Ptolemaic dynasty in Egypt. He ruled from 285 BCE to 246 BCE and was famous for his administrative, economic, and cultural reforms.

Ptolemy II continued the policies of his father and expanded the kingdom’s territories in the Middle East and North Africa. He also strengthened the Egyptian army and navy, which allowed him to defend the kingdom against external threats and maintain its independence.

Ptolemy II was also famous for his support of the arts and sciences. He established a network of schools and academies in Egypt, which attracted scholars and thinkers from all over the world. He also sponsored expeditions to explore the Nile River and its tributaries, which led to the discovery of new lands and resources.

Ptolemy II was also a patron of the arts and architecture. He sponsored the construction of several important buildings, including the Temple of Horus at Edfu and the Serapeum at Saqqara. He also sponsored the creation of several important works of art, including the famous statue of Isis at Philae.

Bust of Ptolemy II


Ptolemy II was also famous for his administrative reforms. He introduced a system of government that was based on the principles of justice and equality. Which helped to ensure that the rights and interests of all citizens were protected. He also established a system of taxation that was fair and equitable, which helped to stabilize the economy and promote prosperity.

Ptolemy II died in 246 BCE, after ruling Egypt for 41 years. He was succeeded by his son, Ptolemy III Euergetes, who continued his policies and expanded the kingdom’s territories even further. Ptolemy II’s legacy was continued by his descendants, who ruled Egypt for over three centuries and left a lasting impact on the country and the world.